A method of treating sludge to provide a stable product for use as a beneficial soil or fertilize for agricultural lands is disclosed which includes the steps of: (a) mixing sludge with at least one alkaline material in an amount sufficient to raise pH of the mixture to a level of at least 12 and to increase percent of solids in the mixture to at least 40% by weight, and such that odorant sludge organics and inorganics are bound to adsorbent particles of the alkaline material, (b) aerating and drying the mixture by agitation and heating to stabilize the mixture and increase the percent solids to at least 50% by weight, and (c) pasteurizing the dried mixture at a temperature at or above 52° C. by application of heat resulting from an exothermic reaction of the alkaline material with water in the sludge, wherein said step (b) is carried out in a mechanical means selected from the group from the group consisting of a drum dryer, a pelletizer, and a fluidized bed apparatus, and wherein the heat applied for drying in said step (b) reduces the amount of additional heat required for pasteurization in said step (c) thereby reducing the amount of alkaline material needed for said exothermic reaction.

Document Type


Primary Class


Secondary Class

71/9; 71/13; 210/631; 210/764; 210/771; 210/916; 405/129.27

Application Number


Filing Date

September 1997

Patent Number



Medical College of Ohio

Publication Date


Patent Country





The University of Toledo


University of Toledo Libraries

Digital Publisher

Digital Initiatives


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Rights Statement

Rights Statement

No Copyright - United States. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.