University of Toledo U.S. Patents

This collection includes United States patents for inventions by UT faculty, students and staff that list UT/MCO/MUO as the original assignee (owner). These patents include those assigned to the University of Toledo as well as to the Medical College of Ohio/Medical University of Ohio prior to the merger in 2006. Only granted patents, not patent applications, are included. Use the 'Search within this Series' box to search for keywords in the authors, titles, or abstracts of the patents.

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Method of controlling Zebra mussels
Zebra mussels are controlled by contacting them with the active portion of a Phytolacca plant.
Method of controlling zebra mussels with extract of Phytolacca dodecandra
Zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) are controlled by contacting the mussels with effective lethal amounts of an aqueous treating medium comprising molluscicidally effective portions of the berry from Phytolacca dodecandra.
Method of delivery of a medicament to a cancer cell using a pathway of plasminogen activator material
A method of delivering a medicament to the surface of a cancer cell and transferring the medicament into the cancer cell using an activated plasminogen activator material such as a plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 or type-2 (PAI-1, PAI-2). The medicament is coupled to PAI-1 or PAI-2 to form a reaction product that is coupled with the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) that is bound to the cell surface by the uPA receptor (uPAR). The medicament is coupled to PAI-1 or PAI-2 (for example, using a preserving agent such as saporin) in such a way that the medicament does not interfere with active sites responsible for binding to uPA or LRP proteins responsible for the internalization of the plasminogen activator material/conjugated medicament. The conjugated medicament prevents the conversion of the plasminogen activator inhibitor material into its latent inactive form. The resulting complex is internalized into the cancer cell to deliver the medicament within the cell.
Method of depositing a metal film on a silyl hydride containing surface of a solid and products produced thereby
A method of depositing a metal film on a silyl hydride surface of a solid such as silica gel, the solid normally having hydroxyl groups, the metal with a valence of zero being deposited on the surface by reaction of a metal ion in a solution with the hydrogens of the silyl hydrides. The above method is used to easily remove metal ions from a solution and also the method is a basis for determining the number of silyl hydride groups on the surface of the solid.
Method of making diode structures
A method of making a diode structure includes the step of depositing a transparent electrode layer of any one or more of the group ZnO, ZnS and CdO onto a substrate layer, and depositing an active semiconductor junction having an n-type layer and a p-type layer onto the transparent electrode layer under process conditions that avoid substantial degradation of the electrode layer. A back electrode coating layer is applied to form a diode structure.
Method of manufacturing semiconductor having group II-group VI compounds doped with nitrogen
A method of making a semiconductor comprises depositing a group II-group VI compound onto a substrate in the presence of nitrogen using sputtering to produce a nitrogen-doped semiconductor. This method can be used for making a photovoltaic cell using sputtering to apply a back contact layer of group II-group VI compound to a substrate in the presence of nitrogen, the back coating layer being doped with nitrogen. A semiconductor comprising a group II-group VI compound doped with nitrogen, and a photovoltaic cell comprising a substrate on which is deposited a layer of a group II-group VI compound doped with nitrogen, are also included.
Method of measuring surface plasmon resonance using interference structure of reflected beam profile
Changes in optical properties of layered materials are measured by directing an incident wave of finite transverse dimensions toward layered materials under conditions that will produce a propagating surface mode or a waveguide mode in the layered materials. The intensity distribution is measured within the transverse beam profile of the total reflected beam. The profile shows asymmetric structure associated with the excitation of the propagating surface mode or a wave-guide mode. The index of refraction of the layered materials is modified and the reshaped intensity distribution within the transverse beam profile of the total reflected beam is again measured under the same incidence conditions. The measured intensity distributions are compared to detect differences in the indexes of refraction in the layered materials.
Method of polymerizing alpha-olefins with boryl zirconocene organic 1,1-dimetallic compound catalysts
Boron-zirconium 1,1,-dimetallic organic compounds useful in organic synthesis such as the preparation of alpha-borobromanes. The boron-zirconium compounds include boron and zirconiun, and in particular the synthesis, structure and reactivity of E-chlorobis(cyclopentadienyl)- [1-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane-2-yl)-3,3-dimethylbutenyl]zirc onium (IV). The boron-zirconium 1,1-dimetallic compound is used as a polymerization catalyst to polymerize alpha-olefins such as styrene.
Method of producing organo indium chlorides
A method for producing organo metal chlorides directly from molten metal. The organo metal chlorides are formed by contacting an organo chloride directly with a metal melt. The preferred method includes the use of indium as the metal and methyl chloride as the organo chloride. The direct contact of the methyl chloride with the indium metal results in the production of dimethyl indium chloride or methyl indium dichloride depending on the contacting time and efficiency of the process. The resulting products are suitable for use as a precursor gas for chemical vapor deposition processes. Additionally, activator compounds such as oxides or halides are optionally added to the metal melt to enhance the reaction rate.
Method of producing organo indium chlorides
A method for producing organo metal chlorides directly from molten metal. The organo metal chlorides are formed by contacting an organo chloride directly with a metal melt. The preferred method includes the use of indium as the metal and methyl chloride as the organo chloride. The direct contact of the methyl chloride with the indium metal results in the production of dimethyl indium chloride or methyl indium dichloride depending on the contacting time and efficiency of the process. The resulting products are suitable for use as a precursor gas for chemical vapor deposition processes. Additionally, activator compounds such as oxides or halides are optionally added to the metal melt to enhance the reaction rate.
Method of producing products with a bilayer pellet containing a coimmobilized enzyme system that maintains a ph difference
A method of providing and sustaining a difference in pH of a first reaction of an immobilized enzyme and a second reaction in a bulk liquid surrounding the immobilized enzyme is carried out with a bilayer pellet containing coimmobilized enzymes. The pellet can contain an enzyme that produces a desired product immobilized in an inner core and urease immobilized in an outer layer. The bulk liquid contains urea and a substrate for the enzyme in the core, and has an acidic pH. The urease reacts with urea diffusing into the outer layer from the bulk liquid to produce ammonia. The ammonia consumes hydrogen ions diffusing into the inner core from the acidic bulk liquid. This provides the enzyme in the inner core with a pH higher than the acidic pH of the bulk liquid suitable for the enzyme to react with the substrate as it diffuses into the inner core. In a preferred embodiment, simultaneous isomerization of xylose to xylulose and fermentation of xylulose to ethanol is carried out with a bilayer pellet containing xylose isomerase in the core and yeast in the bulk liquid. The isomerization occurs at an optimum pH of 7.0 to 8.0 and the fermentation occurs at an optimum pH of 4.0 to 5.0.
Method of treating blood which comprises use of diels alder adducts of vinyl porphyrins and metal complexes thereof
Families of Diels Alder adducts and of metal complexes of Diels Alder adducts, which are useful as particularly active compounds for use in photodynamic therapy, are disclosed. The Diels Alder adducts and a preferred family of metal complexes have the structures of Formulas 3 and 4, below: ##STR1## where R1, R2, R3 and R4 can be the same or different, and each is methyl, ethyl, an amino acid moiety which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a naturally occurring amino acid and a carbonyl function of the adduct, or a monoclonal antibody moiety which is attached to the adduct moiety through a carbonyl which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a monoclonal antibody and a CO2 R', CH2 CO2 R' or CH2 CH2 CO2 R'group of the adduct, and wherein the moiety is of a monoclonal antibody which selectively binds to malignant tumors, R5, R6 and R7 can be the same or different, and each is ethyl, an amino acid moiety which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a naturally occurring amino acid and a carbonyl function of the adduct, or a monoclonal antibody moiety which is attached to the adduct moiety through a carbonyl which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a monoclonal antibody and a CO2 R', CH2 CO2 R' or CH2 CH2 CO2 R'group of the adduct, and wherein the moiety is of a monoclonal antibody which selectively binds to malignant tumors, M comprises 2H or a metal cation, e.g., Sn or Zn, that is complexed with two of the nitrogens of the adduct, and R8 is an alkyl group other than t-butyl having from one to four carbon atoms. The use of the adducts and complexes in PHD is also disclosed.
Method of treating cancer tumors with imine porphyrin compounds
Purified imines of porphyrins, chlorins, bateriochlorins, chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls, purpurins, reduced purpurins, verdins, Diels Alder adducts, benzochlorins and metal complexes of the foregoing imines are disclosed. The formulas of the benzochlorinimines and of the benzochlorinimine metal complexes are set forth below: ##STR1## In specific examples, M in the metal complexes is a copper cation that is complexed with two of the nitrogens of the benzochlorinimine R' and R"" are methyl, and R1 through R8 are ethyl.
Method of use of diels alder adducts of vinyl porphyrin metal complexes
Families of Diels Alder adducts and of metal complexes of Diels Alder adducts, which are useful as particularly active compounds for use in photodynamic therapy, are disclosed. The Diels Alder adducts and a preferred family of metal complexes have the structures of Formulas 1, 2, 3 and 4, below: ##STR1## where R1, R2, R3 and R4 can be the same or different, and each is methyl, ethyl or an amino acid moiety which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a naturally occurring amino acid and a carbonyl function of the adduct, R5, R6 and R7 can be the same or different, and each is ethyl or an amino acid moiety which is a part of an amide produced by reaction between an amine function of a naturally occurring amino acid and a carbonyl function of the adduct, M comprises metal cation.
Method of using a-substituted benzylamine chiral auxiliary synthetic reagents
This invention relates to the use of a family of chiral a-substituted benzylamine reagents during chemical synthesis. Specifically, the reagents can be used in an auxiliary manner to deliver either a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen atom while simultaneously bestowing an asymmetric bias toward the formation and separation of the diastereomeric intermediates that result from reaction of the reagents with racemic substrates also having one or more asymmetric atoms. The chiral auxiliary portion of the reagents can then be readily removed at some later and convenient stage of the overall synthetic scheme. The initial nitrogen-delivery reaction, asymmetric separation procedures, and removal of the chiral auxiliary can all be conducted under routine experimental conditions, including the final debenzylation, such that the overall method is adaptable to large-scale chemistry. Since the reagents are particularly useful whenever a nitrogen-containing system has alpha- , beta- or gamma-asymmetry, the latter being a common structural motif within many pharmaceutical agents, the methods are of primary utility for the laboratory preparation and large-scale manufacture of enantimerically pure drug molecules.
Methods and benzamide compositions for producing hypotensive activity
Hypotensive pharmaceutical compositions comprising effective amounts of compounds of the formula: ##SPC1## Wherein A, B, and C are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, and halogen radicals at least one of which is an alkoxy or a halogen radical; wherein x is a whole number from one to three, and wherein R is selected from the group consisting of cycloaliphatic radicals containing between three and seven carbon atoms, together with carriers therefor, and the methods for administering said compounds.
Methods and compositions for assaying analytes
The present invention is directed to methods and compositions for assaying one or more analytes in a sample with improved sensitivity, reproducibility and/or lower detection limits, as well as applications employing such compositions and methods. In particular, the present invention provides methods and compositions for assaying one or more non-nucleic acid analytes with one or more other nucleic acid and/or non-nucleic acid analytes that serve as controls.
Methods and compositions for assessing nucleic acids and alleles
The present invention is directed to methods and compositions for evaluating allelic variations with improved quality controls, methods of preparing such compositions, and applications employing such compositions and methods. In particular, the present invention provides methods and compositions for reducing false positives and/or false negatives in nucleic acid measurements.
Methods and cyclopentyl benzamide compositions for producing depressant activity
Simultaneously acting depressants to the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system of the formula ##SPC1## Wherein R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, and halogen radicals; and wherein x is a whole number from 1 to 3.

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