University of Toledo U.S. Patents

This collection includes United States patents for inventions by UT faculty, students and staff that list UT/MCO/MUO as the original assignee (owner). These patents include those assigned to the University of Toledo as well as to the Medical College of Ohio/Medical University of Ohio prior to the merger in 2006. Only granted patents, not patent applications, are included. Use the 'Search within this Series' box to search for keywords in the authors, titles, or abstracts of the patents.

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Hybrid window layer for photovoltaic cells
A novel photovoltaic solar cell and method of making the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes: at least one absorber layer which could either be a lightly doped layer or an undoped layer, and at least a doped window-layers which comprise at least two sub-window-layers. The first sub-window-layer, which is next to the absorber-layer, is deposited to form desirable junction with the absorber-layer. The second sub-window-layer, which is next to the first sub-window-layer, but not in direct contact with the absorber-layer, is deposited in order to have transmission higher than the first-sub-window-layer.
Integrated photoelectrochemical cell and system having a liquid electrolyte
An integrated photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell generates hydrogen and oxygen from water while being illuminated with radiation. The PEC cell employs a liquid electrolyte, a multi-junction photovoltaic electrode, and a thin ion-exchange membrane. A PEC system and a method of making such PEC cell and PEC system are also disclosed.
Trunk rotation
This trunk rotation device uses dynamic movement of one's body such as, shoulder, hip, knee, back, thigh, and abdominal musculature. The device provides a method for exercising the spinal column and the muscles of the torso, including those in the abdominal lumbar and thoracic regions involving rotational torque. In a preferred embodiment, the device is a golf exercise and flexibility apparatus. The golf exercise apparatus provides resistance to a golfer during a golf swing to strengthen and condition the muscles of the axial skeleton of the golfer in a functional posture.
Saccharifying cellulose
Dissolution, partial dissolution or softening of cellulose in an ionic liquid (IL) and its subsequent contact with anti-solvent produces regenerated cellulose more amorphous in structure than native cellulose, which can be separated from the IL/anti-solvent mixture by mechanical means such as simple filtration or centrifugation. This altered morphology of IL-treated cellulose allows a greater number of sites for enzyme adsorption with a subsequent enhancement of its saccharification. The IL-treated cellulose exhibits significantly improved hydrolysis kinetics with optically transparent solutions formed after about two hours of reaction. This provides an opportunity for separation of products from the catalyst (enzyme) easing enzyme recovery. With an appropriate selection of enzymes, initial hydrolysis rates for IL-treated cellulose were up to two orders of magnitude greater than those of untreated cellulose. Due to the non-volatility of the IL, anti-solvent can be easily stripped from the IL/anti-solvent mixture for recovery and recycle of both the ionic liquid and anti-solvent.
Control system for bearingless motor-generator
A control system for an electromagnetic rotary drive for bearingless motor-generators comprises a winding configuration comprising a plurality of individual pole pairs through which phase current flows, each phase current producing both a lateral force and a torque. A motor-generator comprises a stator, a rotor supported for movement relative to the stator, and a control system. The motor-generator comprises a winding configuration supported by the stator. The winding configuration comprises at least three pole pairs through which phase current flows resulting in three three-phase systems. Each phase system has a first rotor reference frame axis current that produces a levitating force with no average torque and a second rotor reference frame axis current that produces torque.
Energy storage system with ultracapacitor and switched battery
An energy storage system for a vehicle includes an ultracapacitor that is electrically coupled in parallel with a battery through a diode connected in series with the battery. The ultracapacitor delivers the energy required for all high current surges that occur during engine start, acceleration, and regeneration. The battery is used only to assist with longer duration, high energy loads, such as accessory loads when an engine of the vehicle is not running. In other words, the battery conducts only during longer and less-frequent pulses and, therefore, does not have to withstand high-power pulses.
Hybrid window layer for photovoltaic cells
A novel photovoltaic solar cell and method of making the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes: at least one absorber layer which could either be a lightly doped layer or an undoped layer, and at least a doped window-layers which comprise at least two sub-window-layers. The first sub-window-layer, which is next to the absorber-layer, is deposited to form desirable junction with the absorber-layer. The second sub-window-layer, which is next to the first sub-window-layer, but not in direct contact with the absorber-layer, is deposited in order to have transmission higher than the first-sub-window-layer.
Albumin-based colloid composition and method of use in treating hypovolemia and multiorgan dysfunction
A composition comprising an albumin-based colloid and its use in treating hypovolemic conditions such as capillary leak syndrome and shock are disclosed.
Modified plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 and methods based thereon
The present invention is based upon the discovery that modified plasminogen activator inhibitor type-I (PAI-1) in which two or more amino acid residues that do not contain a sulfhydryl group have been replaced with amino acid residues that contain a sulfhydryl group and, therefore, forms intramolecular disulfide bonds, have increased in vivo half-life. Also disclosed are the modified PAI-1 proteins, derivatives and analogs thereof, specific antibodies, nucleic acid molecules and host cells. Methods for producing modified PAI-1, derivatives and analogs are also provided. The invention further relates to Therapeutics, pharmaceutical compositions and method of using the composition for treatment. The invention may be used to inhibit angiogenesis in a subject, thereby treating diseases or conditions associated with undesired angiogenesis and cell proliferation. Such conditions include psoriasis, chronic inflammation, tumor invasion and metastasis and conditions in which angiogenesis is pathogenic. The modifide PAI-1 molecules of the present invention are useful for the treatment, prophylaxis, management and amelioration of cardiovascular diseases such as, but not limited to those that are related to hyperfibrinolysis, hemophilia, and vessel leakage syndrome.
Method for producing direct in vitro flowering and viable seed from cotyledon, radicle, and leaf explants, and plants produced therefrom
The present invention relates to a method of reprogramming plant development that allows flower buds and seeds to arise de novo, directly from a cotyledon or radicle explants or from shoots produced on a cotyledon or radicle. The present invention also provides for an improved culturing media that provide for in vitro flowering.
Compositions and methods of use of standardized mixtures for determining an amount of a nucleic acid
The present invention is directed to methods and compositions for evaluating nucleic acids, methods of preparing such compositions, and applications and business methods employing such compositions and methods. In particular, the present invention provides business methods for operating a gene expression measurement service.
Methods and compositions for assaying analytes
The present invention is directed to methods and compositions for assaying one or more analytes in a sample with improved sensitivity, reproducibility and/or lower detection limits, as well as applications employing such compositions and methods. In particular, the present invention provides methods and compositions for assaying one or more non-nucleic acid analytes with one or more other nucleic acid and/or non-nucleic acid analytes that serve as controls.
Control system for bearingless motor-generator
A control system for an electromagnetic rotary drive for bearingless motor-generators comprises a winding configuration comprising a plurality of individual pole pairs through which phase current flows, each phase current producing both a lateral force and a torque. A motor-generator comprises a stator, a rotor supported for movement relative to the stator, and a control system. The motor-generator comprises a winding configuration supported by the stator. The winding configuration comprises at least three pole pairs through which phase current flows resulting in three three-phase systems. Each phase system has a first rotor reference frame axis current that produces a levitating force with no average torque and a second rotor reference frame axis current that produces torque.
Circuit with a switch for charging a battery in a battery capacitor circuit
A circuit for charging a battery combined with a capacitor includes a power supply adapted to be connected to the capacitor, and the battery. The circuit includes an electronic switch connected to the power supply. The electronic switch is responsive to switch between a conducting state to allow current and a non-conducting state to prevent current flow. The circuit includes a control device connected to the switch and is operable to generate a control signal to continuously switch the electronic switch between the conducting and non-conducting states to charge the battery.
Albumin-based colloid composition and method of use in treating hypovolemia and multiorgan dysfunction
A composition comprising an albumin-based colloid and its use in treating hypovolemic conditions such as capillary leak syndrome and shock are disclosed.
Albumin-based colloid composition having at least one protected thiol region, methods of making, and methods of use
A composition comprising an albumin-based colloid composition having at least one protected thiol region, method of making the same, and method for use, including treating hypovolemic conditions such as capillary leak syndrome and shock, are disclosed. The composition also is modified with an indicator reagent such as chromophores.
Attenuated vaccine useful for immunizations against Coccidioides spp. infections
A Coccidioides spp. fungus that is attenuated by the loss of endosporulation potential of the fungus wherein said fungus does not replicate when transformed into the parasitic phase.
Polypeptide and DNA immunization against Coccidioides spp. infections
The present invention provides compositions of novel polypeptides and polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides, which polypeptides are useful for generating an immunological response in an individual and in therapeutic application of Coccidioides spp. infection.
Noninvasive birefringence compensated sensing polarimeter
The present invention relates to a system and method for compensating for the effects of birefringence in a given sample and employs an optical birefringence analyzer to sense the real-time birefringence contributions and then provides a feedback signal to a compound electro-optical system that negates the birefringence contributions found in the given sample. The birefringence contribution vanishes, thus significantly reducing the main error component for polarimetric measurements.

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