Abstract

Dimers which are either esters or amides of (1) a purpurin, a chlorin or a metal complex and (2) hematoporphyrin or a purpurin, a chlorin or a metal complex are disclosed. The purpines and their metal complexes have the structures of FIGS. 1, 7, 14-18, 29-38, 44-48 and 54-58 of the attached drawings. The chlorins and their metal complexes have the formulas of FIGS. 2, 8, 19-28, 39-43 or 49-53 of the attached drawings. Solutions of the purpurins, chlorins and metal complexes which are physiologically acceptable for intravenous administration are also disclosed, as are emulsions or suspensions of the solutions. The solvent for the solutions can be a product of the reaction of ethylene oxide with castor oil. A method for detecting and treating tumors in human and animal patients is also disclosed. The method comprises administering one of the dimers to the patient. For detection, the patient is then illuminated with ultra violet light; for treatment, the patient is illuminated with visible light of a wavelength at which the purpurin, chlorin or complex administered shows an absorption peak or with X rays or other ionizing radiation.Dimers of purpurins, chlorine and metal complexes which can be detected by nuclear magnetic resonance or by an instrument that detects ionizing radiation are also disclosed. The purpurins, chlorins and coplexers of these dimers have the formula of one of FIGS. 1, 2, 7, 8, or 14-58 and a structure which is enriched in an atom that can be detected by nuclear magnetic resonance, e.g., C-13 or N-15, or by an instrument that detects ionizing radiation, e.g., C-14, I-131 or Tc-99m.

Document Type

Patent

Primary Class

540/145

Secondary Class

436/548; 514/185; 514/410; 530/391.5; 530/391.9; 534/15; 534/16

Application Number

06/877770

Filing Date

June 1986

Patent Number

US4877872

Assignee(s)

The University of Toledo

Publication Date

10-31-1989

Patent Country

US

Language

en_US

Institution

The University of Toledo

Repository

University of Toledo Libraries

Digital Publisher

Digital Initiatives

Rights

These materials are free of copyright restrictions and are in the public domain within the United States only. The USPTO reserves the right to assert copyright protection internationally.

Share

COinS
 

Rights Statement

Rights Statement

No Copyright - United States. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.