A method for the preparation of layered electrodes, including ultramicroelectrodes, through application of a thin film coating of an inorganic material to a conductor by use of chemical vapor deposition. The chemical vapor deposition techniques of the present invention provide a layered electrode that is efficiently and effectively manufactured in a standard reaction chamber at atmospheric pressure. The preferred conductors are carbon fibers and foams, and metal (platinum or gold) wires, meshes and foams. The precursors for the thin film deposition include those that yield thin-films of insulators, semiconductors, metals, and superconductors. During the chemical vapor deposition process, a thin film coating is formed on the conductor by the pyrolytic decomposition of the precursor vapor at the surface of the heated conductor. The hardness and rigidity of the thin film layer imparts durability and structure to the fragile and flexible conductors without significantly increasing the size of the device. The variable parameters in the deposition process are monitored and controlled so that the desired thickness of thin film coating will be obtained.

Document Type


Primary Class


Secondary Class

204/290.01; 204/290.03; 204/290.08; 204/290.12; 204/290.14; 204/290.15; 204/294; 204/403.15; 204/419; 427/118; 427/124; 427/249.4

Application Number


Filing Date

November 1993

Patent Number



The University of Toledo

Publication Date


Patent Country





The University of Toledo


University of Toledo Libraries

Digital Publisher

Digital Initiatives


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Rights Statement

No Copyright - United States. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.