Jurassic. It forms when plant material is buried by sediment and protected from decay by oxygen and organisms. Then, groundwater rich in dissolved solids flows through the sediment replacing the original plant material with silica, calcite, pyrite or another inorganic material such as opal. The result is a fossil of the original woody material that often exhibits preserved details of the bark, wood and cellular structures.
UT Department of Environmental Sciences
The University of Toledo
Digital Initiatives, University of Toledo Libraries
environmental sciences; virtual exhibitions
"Petrified Wood" (2017). Rock and Mineral Exhibit. 91.